There are plenty of legal and ethical issues and its challenges come from more than human sources. Giant pandas have plenty reproductive problems which means they have low birth rates. One of these problems would have to occur with the female panda. Female giant pandas usually breed only once a year for two or three days and during that time span the male giant panda may not be successful in the mating process.

          The giant panda's most severe problem is they are on the verge of extinction. Humans cause plenty of this extinction by poaching and destroying their wildlife and natural habitat. Today, it is illegal to destroy an animal's habitat especially when it is destroying an almost extinct species of life.

          Many people have different opinions on artificial insemination and the cloning of the giant panda species. Some experts agree that cloning and artificial insemination would help to increase the giant panda population and others experts believe that it is just harming the species or not even doing anything productive or positive. They are just finishing where they started. A group of Chinese experts actually stated, "The cloning of giant pandas, an endangered animal species, would have no benefits for the protection of the rare creature." Although there are many issues in artificial insemination and cloning of giant pandas, the process still occurs heavily today.

          The giant panda was actually placed on the Endangered Species Act of 1973 where the act's goal is basically to prevent the extinction of specific endangered species such as the giant panda. The act basically states you cannot hunt an endangered species, you cannot harm their natural habitat or environment, and you must have legal documentation to perform any type of studies with the species such as the Wolong Nature Reserve and the Giant Panda Breeding Technology Committee which performs cloning and artificial insemination very successfully.

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